AA History Questions – Draft – May Help Your Study

Your Guide to Alcoholism/Addiction Recovery
Relying on the Power of God

Dick B. and Ken B.
© 2013 Anonymous. All rights reserved

Highlighting for You the Study of our Video Topics

“Bill W., Dr. Bob, and the Cure of Alcoholism”

“The Rest of the Story”

Outline of the Video Contents

Questions for the Viewer

The Script for our Five Videos

Documentary End Notes

© 2013 Anonymous. All rights reserved.


The Five Videos for Your Study


Bill W., Dr. Bob, and the Cure of Alcoholism: “The Rest of the Story”

A Relevant Time-Line of the Origins and Development of the A.A. Program

Certain aspects of the early Akron A.A. Christian Fellowship caused a number of contemporary Christian observers to believe and say that several Akron A.A. Christian practices resembled those of First Century Christians

Prior to the 1850’s, many of the religious concerns over liquor were focused on drinking as a sin, a weakness, and something to be eschewed. And prohibitive viewpoints dominated the anti-saloon and anti-drinking scene.

For some, the concern at or after the 1850’s shifted to rescuing, saving, and restoring to a useful life the “unworthy,” the down-trodden, and the derelict. For example, a sign at Calvary Mission—where Bill W. began his rescue—depicted the figure of a cross and a slogan “The Carpenter who mends broken hearts.”

Examining the organizations and individuals who developed a simple approach of reaching out to the “bum,” offering him salvation, using the Bible as a backdrop, and then persuading the convert to join in helping others.

The Great Awakening of 1875 in St. Johnsbury, Vermont brought hundreds in and to this small village and galvanized them to accept Jesus Christ and to transform their lives in the steps of Christ.

The Christian upbringing, and extensive training in the Bible in the lives of Bill W. and Dr. Bob in Vermont was very much a part of this later period.

Detours in the lives of Dr. Bob and Bill W.: sprang from their own drunkenness and self-destruction as well as Bill’s turning his back on God at the close of his high school days when his girl-friend met an unexpected death.

The continued thread of conversion as a recommended solution for alcoholism ran through Bill’s life as he learned of his grandfather’s salvation, the research of Professor William James, and the suggested solution of a vital religious experience espoused by Dr. Carl Jung and Reverend Samuel M. Shoemaker, Jr.

Dr. Frank Buchman founded A First Century Christian Fellowship about 1923, and Rev. Samuel M. Shoemaker became a close supporter of that movement and its life-changing techniques premised on a simple “art” that could transform lives—Sin is the problem. Jesus Christ is the cure. The result is a miracle.

The movement of mutual aid to help the seemingly hopeless, medically incurable, last gasp real alcoholics dig out of their hole really took its first form among garden variety drunks in the story of how the first three AAs were cured and so stated.

The first three were licked. The finally saw liquor as their foe. They renounced drinking. They relied on prayer and God’s help at a time when there were no Twelve Steps, no Big Books, no Twelve Traditions, no drunkalogs, and no meetings like those of today. And they contemporaneously adopted the watchword that they must help others get well by the same means.

The original Akron A.A. Christian Fellowship program grew out of basic ideas in the Bible; and the program emphasized the Book of James, Jesus’s Sermon on the Mount, and 1 Corinthians 13 as absolutely essential to their program. They said they believed the answers to their problems were in the Bible. And Dr. Bob explained that basic ideas of the steps came from previous study, effort, and teaching from the Bible.

In late 1937, Bill W. and Dr. Bob “counted noses” among those Akron AA Fellowship men who had really tried; and they found that an amazing 40 had stayed sober over the years since founding, and that 20 of the fifty had maintained continuous sobriety without a slip during this early period.

The Rockefeller offices sent Frank Amos to Akron to investigate, evaluate, and report on the Akron Christian Fellowship program; and Amos commented on similarities to “First Century Christianity.”

Amos’s report on the seven points of the Akron A.A. program can be found on page 131 of DR. BOB and the Good Oldtimers.

Nonetheless, Bill Wilson contended that there were six “word of mouth” ideas that were being used. This even though Bill phrased the six in several variant ways, conceded there was no common agreement on the alleged six ideas, and said they were used in different ways in different places.

However, after the counting of noses and the Frank Amos report, Bill asked the Akronites to approve his idea for a book; and Bill won an approval vote with only a slim two-vote margin.

Bill began writing the book materials in March or April of 1938.

Comments by Bill, Rev. Sam Shoemaker, and Shoemaker’s assistant minister Rev. W. Irving Harris, made it clear that Bill collaborated with Rev. Sam Shoemaker back in New York as he developed the step ideas from Oxford Group teachings; and, though Shoemaker declined, Bill asked him to write the 12 steps–which, in Bill’s words, constituted the “new version” of the program—the Twelve Steps.

The materials that emerged as the First Edition of the new version were mismatched in that Bill’s writings pertained to instructions and chapters discussing his Twelve Step ideas. On the other hand, the personal stories of the pioneers were intended to be testimonials as to the program. But most stories were written before Bill completed his portion, and the stories dealt with how the pioneers had “worked” and used the old school Akron A.A. Christian Fellowship program, and been delivered.

The Akron and Midwest A.A. stories about old school A.A. predominated in the testimonials.

Bill attributed his steps to Silkworth, James, and Shoemaker – ideas that were unrelated to the
personal stories.

But a last minute compromise settling controversy over the religious tone of Bill’s manuscript enabled four people—Bill W., his partner Hank P., their Christian friend John Henry Fitz M., and the secretary Ruth Hock to make innumerable alterations in the printer’s manuscript – eliminating God from Steps 2, 3, 11.

The First Edition, as modified, was published in April of 1939.

Within a month came the emergence of a much different Cleveland A.A. program—founded on the new version Big Book, the Twelve Steps, the Four Absolutes of A First Century Christian Fellowship (known then as the Oxford Group), the Bible, plus “most of the old program.”

The character of the A.A. fellowship and its literature changed substantially in the period from 1940 to 1955. And some of the most important factors were Bill’s deep depression, the illness and deaths of Anne Smith and Dr. Bob., and the influences that then emerged then from

Sister Ignatia at St. Thomas Hospital in Akron

Father Ed Dowling, S.J., Bill’s personal friend and advisor on the East Coast.

Father Ralph Pfau (John Doe) who began writing his own books and pamphlets

The “For Drunks Only” revival by Richmond Walker of Oxford Group ideas

Ed Webster and his Little Red Book

The four AA of Akron pamphlets that were commissioned and approved by Dr. Bob.

The next set of pertinent changes and compromises occurred largely on Dr. Bob’s death bed where Dr. Bob reluctant agreed to Bill’ 12 Traditions and the idea of a General Service Conference

The great issue of “cure” arose from the clear “cure” language by early AAs, Bill’s altering the “solution” from a “vital religious experience,” to a “spiritual experience,” to a “spiritual awakening,” and finally to the jumbled “personality change sufficient to overcome the disease of alcoholism” as expressed in a belated “Spiritual Appendix” in the Big Book

And, as A.A. changed in the manners described, A.A.’s publishing arm began a systematic removal from each edition of the Big Book subsequent to the First Edition of the Big Book personal stories, and the remnant Big Book chapter language about God

The Dick B. quest for A.A. roots

How Dick was challenged at about three years of sobriety to begin traveling, interviewing, reading, visiting libraries and archives, and gathering all the literature which had influenced the A.A. ideas and changed

The Dick B. Story

The details of Dick B.’s own story which illustrate how his sobriety, his life, and his understanding of programs for victory over alcoholism and addiction changed as he became more and more aware of the role played in A.A. and the recovery movement by God, His Son Jesus Christ, and the Bible and can play today for those who want and seek God’s help.

The “rest of the story”

Our videos and the script make no effort to write a comprehensive, accurate, history of Alcoholics Anonymous. Such a task has never been undertaken and has been side-tracked by the many changes, the nonsense gods, the illusory spirituality, and the self made religion that arose among academics, treatment programs and therapists, insurance requirements, and spiritual factors.

Hence, our task has been to find the omitted, distorted, subjective, incomplete portions of the history—and they are many. And to fill in the pieces so that those who want to know about how A.A. began and what early AAs did, what changed the basic text and the chatter in the rooms, and what the knowledge of A.A.’s highly successful earlier ideas and practices can do for those today who want God’s help in overcoming alcoholism effectively.

The secularization of recovery approaches

The Neglected Speaker, Sponsor, and Newcomer

Applying old school A.A. by Christians and those wanting God’s help in today’s Fellowships

The Emergence and Vigor of today’s Christian Recovery Movement


A.A. History Questions that May Help Viewers and Readers Study and Remember

What were the writers of A.A. history’s omissions, selective summaries, failures to see the inconsistencies in the Big Book First Edition. limitations on discussion of the entire Big Book basic text, substitutions of higher powers and spirituality in place of God and biblical basic ideas, and failures to see or report variant basic programs that emerged after A.A.’s founding.

What gave rise to the statement that A.A. was “spiritual, but not religious;” and why did most courts rule that A.A. was religious.

What gave rise to the claim that you don’t have to believe in anything at all in today’s programs

What are some of the absurd names for God, nonsense gods, and self-made religions that have crept into language of writers, the rooms of A.A., and treatment jargon.

How many times is the unqualified word “God” used in today’s 4th edition Big Book

Where can you find in present-day A.A. General Service Conference-approved literature biblical descriptions of God such as “Creator,” “Maker,” “Heavenly Father,” “Father of light,” “Almighty God,” “God of the preachers,” “God of the Scriptures,” and “God of our fathers.”

Where can you find A.A. references to “Lord,” to Jesus, and to “Master”

Where can you find A.A. language directly quoting Bible verses such as “Thy will be done,” “Faith without works is dead,” “Love thy neighbor as thyself,” and “Good Samaritan”

Where can you find specific mention by AAs themselves of the Book of James, Jesus’s Sermon on the Mount, and 1 Corinthians 13.

Where can you find Akron AAs calling their group a “Christian Fellowship.”

Where can you find A.A. references to “A First Century Christian Fellowship”

Where can you find references to “finding” God

What and where was it told to Dick B. in an A.A. Step meeting that A.A. came from the Bible.

Where did A.A. literature report that the Book of James was a favorite of early AAs and that they wanted to call their society “The James Club.”

Where can you find the saying “God has done for me what I could not do for myself.”

What were the principal activities of the First Century Christians as recorded in the Book of Acts

What “vital religious experience” occurred in the life of Bill Wilson’s grandfather Willie, and what were the results.

How and where did Bill W. meet his friend and “sponsor” Ebby Thacher.

What had Ebby heard and learned about the Bible, Christianity, prayer, and Oxford Group practices by the time he visited his alcoholic friend Bill W.

What were Ebby’s connections with Vermont, and where did they take place.

What Christian academies in Vermont did Bill and Ebby attend together.

What Congregational Churches did Bill attend as a youngster in Vermont.

Where, in Vermont, did Bill W. take his required four-year Bible study course.

What and where was the exposure of Bill and Bob to salvation and the Word of God as youngsters in Vermont.

What Christian academy did Dr. Bob attend as a youngster in Vermont

What Congregational Church did Bob and his entire family regularly attend in Vermont

At the academies attended by Bill and Bob and Ebby, what took place regularly at the required daily chapel services.

What was Bill W.’s connection with the Young Men’s Christian Association

What was Dr. Bob’s connection with the Young Men’s Christian Association

What position did Dr. Bob’s father Judge Walter Smith hold with the YMCA

What was Bill W.’s connection with rescue missions

What was Dr. Bob’s connection with the Young People’s Society of Christian Endeavor.
What was the connection of Bill, Bob, and their families with Congregationalism

In what respect did the activities of the First Century Christians resemble the practices of the early Akron A.A. Christian Fellowship

Who were the observers that reached such a conclusion

What major religious approaches were taken toward alcoholism prior to the 1850’s

What happened to Bill’s religious beliefs as he was about to graduate from Burr and Burton Seminary.

Did those views change at a later point in Bill’s life; and, if so, how.

What new approach to drunks and derelicts was taken in the 1800’s by the six major influences on A.A.’s early program in Akron

Who were the Christian leaders and what were the Christian organizations that later influenced A.A. ideas after the period beginning in the 1850’s.

When Ebby became a drunkard in Vermont, what three buddies of his, who were members of the Oxford Group, began an effort to rescue Ebby from a court sentence and from incarceration for inebriety.

What did these three friends suggest to Ebby about God, the Bible, Christianity, and prayer.

What ideas had Ebby acquired in his own Christian upbringing by the time the three friends helped him.

What did they tell him in terms of ideas that he had learned and believed as a youth.

What did Ebby learn from his friend Rowland Hazard about Dr. Carl Jung’s statement of Rowland’s alcoholism problem and a possible solution.

What was the religious background of Ebby’s family and ancestors

What did Ebby’s friends tell him about Dr. Carl Jung’s suggested solution for alcoholism

What did Ebby do when his friends lodged him at Calvary Rescue Mission in New York.

What had happened to Ebby at Calvary Mission.

What did Ebby tell Bill about that

What had Bill’s physician, Dr. William Silkworth, told Bill could be the solution to his seemingly hopeless alcoholism,

What was that solution.

To whom did the Silkworth expression, later repeated by Bill, refer when they spoke of the “Great Physician.”

Where and when was the experience of Bill W.’s grandpa Willie that changed his life and later that of Bill W.

What did Bill do when he heard the details of Ebby’s rebirth and transformation

What eye witness accounts did Dick B. learn about Bill’s surrender at Calvary Mission.

What did these witnesses say Bill had done at Calvary Mission

Where did Bill write thereafter: “For sure I’d been born again.”

When Bill began drinking right after the Calvary Mission rebirth and again was despondent, what did he think of concerning the Great Physician.

When Bill checked into Towns Hospital for the last time, what did he do in his hospital room.

What happened there as far as a vital religious experience and God are concerned.

What did Bill conclude after that event had happened to him as to liquor and as to God.

What was the change in Bill at his Towns Hospital experience concerning his belief in the existence of God.

What did Bill do with the book of William James

What did he find in his reading of the William James book

What did Bill believe concerning his own commission to help drunks on leaving the hospital

Whom did Bill try to help when he left Towns Hospital.

Where did Bill go, what was he carrying, what did he tell drunks to do, and what was the story he kept talking about and telling those he met

What religious activity did Bill join in with the parishioners at Calvary Church

What evidence of Bill’s association with Rev. Samuel Shoemaker at Calvary Church did Shoemaker’s personal journals disclose

What was Bill doing with the Bible at this time.

What did he tell drunks they must do.

What was his own story that he told some.

What success did Bill have in carrying his message to drunks in the next six months.

What remedy did Silkworth suggest to Bill to make his witnessing more effective

What suggestion did Rev. Shoemaker make to Bill about the witnessing itself.

What Christian Sunday school, church attendance, and chapel experiences was Bill involved in during Bill W.’s days as a Vermont youngster

What facets of the East Dorset Congregational Church did Bill W. and his parents participate in.

What facets of that Church were Bill W.’s grandparents (Griffiths and Wilsons) involved in.

What records exist that establish the East Dorset Congregational Church participation of the entire Wilson family—grandparents, parents, Bill W., and the pew owned by the Wilsons

With whom did Bill study the Bible as a youngster when still living in East Dorset

What connections did Bill’s maternal grandparents have with East Dorset Congregational Church

What connections did Bill’s paternal grandparents have with East Dorset Congregational Church

What connections did Bill’s parents have with East Dorset Congregational Church

What aspects of Bill’s church days did Bill still recall and recount in later years .

Where was Burr and Burton Seminary locted

What denomination dominated the Seminary’s founding and religious requirements

What were the actual Christian events at Burr and Burton in which Bill was regularly involved

What was Bill’s connection with the Bible at Burr and Burton Seminary, its daily chapel, and Manchester Congregational Church

What was Bill’s connection with the Young Men’s Christian Association at Burr and Burton

What was Ebby Thacher’s relationship with Bill during the Burr and Burton years

What was Ebby’s Christian training in Manchester when he was attending Burr and Burton

What relationship did Bill’s girlfriend Bertha Bamford have with the Young Women’s Christian Association and “Y” activities with Bill at Burr and Burton

What happened to Bill on Bertha’s untimely death.

What was Ebby’s role then as far as his relationship with Bill was concerned

What position did Bill take as to God in connection with Bertha’s death

What other academy did Bill attend thereafter at Northfield, Vermont

What were that academy’s Christian requirements

Who else among Bill’s friends attended this academy when Bill was a student there.

What was the resemblance of Bill’s Christian upbringing to that of Bob’s

What Christian training did the parents of both Bill and Bob pass on to each young man, respectively.

What was the Smith family’s connection with North Congregational Church of St. Johnsbury

What were the activities of Bob’s parents in that church

What positions did they hold

What was Bob’s connection with and attendance at that church

What connection did the Young Men’s Christian Association have with North Congregational Church

When did Christian Endeavor become a part of North Congregational Church’s program

What were the precept s and practices of the Christian Endeavor program in Bob’s youth.

What records and papers disclose the Christian Endeavor program details

What was the founding St. Johnsbury family that dominated St. Johnsbury Academy, the Athenaeum (village library), North Congregational and South Congregational Churches, the Young Men’s Christian Association, Sunday school teaching, and revivals.

What St. Johnsbury bulldings did this family and its offspring donate to the village

What was the connection of Bob’s family with the St. Johnsbury Academy

What Christian requirements did that Academy have in which Bob was involved

What was the YMCA connection with the Academy

What positions at the Academy were held by Bob’s parents

What was the connection of Bob’s father (Judge Smith) with the YMCA

What special role did Bob’s father, Judge Smith, play at North Congregational Church

What special role did Bob’s mother, Susan H. Smith, play in that church

What special role at St. Johnsbury Academy did Bob’s mother play

What members of Bob’s family regularly attended the North Congregational Church

How often did they do so, and what records show these facts.

What records at the Congregational Churches have Dick B. and Ken B. seen that disclose the confessions, creeds, baptisms, members, sermons, Sunday school teachings, and hymns of the churches.

What did the Congregational Churches (in East Dorset, Manchester, and St Johnsbury) expect parents to teach and train their children to do as to salvation and the Word of God.

What was the nick name that Bob was given in the Academy’s class notes that had to do with Bob’s Christian church attendance and fervor.

What was the role of Congregationalism in the lives of Bob and his parents.

What was the role of Congregationalism in the lives of Bill and his family

What was Ebby’s special connection with the Manchester Congregational church while Ebby and Bill were matriculating at Burr and Burton

What was Ebby’s first connection in Vermont with Bill, with Lois Burnham Wilson, with Lois’s family members, and with Bill’s friends

Which evangelists had an impact on St. Johnsbury and its residents during the lives of the Smiths

What connections did Dwight Moody have with the leading family at St. Johnsbury

What was Dwight Moody’s connection with the YMCA, with important pre-A.A. personalities like Robert E. Speer, Henry Drummond, F.B. Meyer, Christian Endeavor, and Colonel Fairbanks of St. Johnsbury.

What was the connection of Judge Smith with the Fairbanks family – business, church, academy, Congregationalism, and YMCA,

Who first told Bill Wilson that the Great Physician Jesus Christ could cure Bill

When was that told to Bill

What did Ebby Thacher soon say to Bill about Jesus Christ, the Bible, the Oxford Group, and prayer

How and where did Bill verify Ebby’s story about Calvary Mission and his rebirth.

What did Ebby do at Calvary Mission and tell Bill about

What did Bill do at Calvary Mission thereafter

What did eye witnesses say of Bill’s surrender at Calvary Mission, and who were they

What did Bill say about being born again after his decision for Jesus Christ at the Mission event.

When Bill got drunk and headed for Towns Hospital, what thoughts did he have about the Great Physician

What cry to God for help did Bill give at Towns Hospital

What happened in Bill’s hospital room after Bill gave his cry for help.

What did Bill describe concerning his hospital room experience

What did Bill conclude about God’s presence in his room and how did he phrase it.

What expression about God, the Bible, and his own cure did Bill have in his mind when he realized what had happened in his hospital room

When and where did Bill then stop doubting the existence of God.

What did Dr. Silkworth tell Bill had happened to him

What did Bill do with the William James book given to him in the Hospital

What did Bill believe he was commissioned to do on discharge from the hospital.

What did Bill do immediately to carry the message upon his discharge.

What was the message, and what was Bill’s story.

What success did Bill have in helping drunks in his first six months in New York

What did Silkworth suggest to him, and what did Shoemaker urge Bill to continue doing.

What connection did Bill have with the Oxford Group and Shoemaker just before and for six months after his last stay at Towns Hospital

What were the events in Akron that laid the foundation for Dr. Bob’s recovery

What happened to Russell Firestone and what did Russell then do

What happened with the Firestones in 1933 that moved the whole city to hear testimonials

What happened with Henrietta Seiberling and Anne Smith at that time.

What did they persuade Dr. Bob to do.

What did Dr. Bob do when he aligned himself with a little Oxford Group for two years.

What were the results.

What message did Henrietta Seiberling believe she had received from God concerning Bob

What did Henrietta do with Dr. Bob because of that message.

What did Henrietta and Dr. Bob do at the T. Henry Williams meeting Henrietta convened

What did Dr. Bob admit there

What did Bob actually say

What happened as to prayers

Did Dr. Bob continue to drink

How did both Dr. Bob and Henrietta feel their prayers were answered.

What did Bill say when he called Henrietta, and what did she conclude

Where did Bill and Bob first meet

How long did Bill and Bob meet with each other on their first visit.

What were the views the two men took of the meeting.

How soon did Bill move in with the Smith’s

What did Anne do each day with Bill and Bob.

What did Henrietta and T. Henry Williams do with them.

What did they do with each other.

In his last major talk, how did Bob describe what he and Bill had decided to do with the Bible.

What were the two doing that resembled first century Christianity.

What happened when Dr. Bob went out on his last binge.

When and how did Dr. Bob stop drinking forever.

Despite conjecture over the precise date, when and how and where was A.A. founded

What did Bill and Bob decide they needed to do right away.

What was their contact with A.A. Number Three.

What did each of the first two (Bill and Bob) say about cure.

What did they do with A.A. Number Three

What did Number Three say about belief in God and religion

What did Dr. Bob say about Bill D.’s knowledge of the Bible

What did Bill D. do after Bob and Bill had carried the message

When did Bill say that the first A.A. group – Akron Number One – was founded

What were the Akron people doing once the group was founded.

What was the summary of their program, and where can you find it.

What were their practices, and where can you find them.

When did Bill and Bob count noses as to who and how many had stayed sober.

What did they conclude and say.

What written records exist of their successes in the earliest A.A. years in Akron

What did Bill do about writing a book, and where did he do it.

What did Bill write, and when did that begin.

What communications did Bill and Bob have about the book.

What were the alleged six word-of-mouth ideas which Bill quoted in several different ways, said were not the subject of common agreement, but contended constituted the program being practiced.

With whom did Bill work on his manuscripts and on the substance of the steps.

How and where did Bill write the twelve steps.

What did he call this rendition of the program

What did he say about the content of the book and steps as originally drafted?

What did Dr. Bob have to say about his own connection with the steps

Where did Bob claim their basic ideas came from

What did Bill W. say John Henry Fitz M. wanted the book to contain.

How much biblical and Christian material made it into the drafts at first.

What did Bill’s secretary Ruth say happened to that Christian and biblical material

What did Bill write in Alcoholics Anonymous Comes of Age as to how the entire program was changed in an office argument by four people—Bill, his partner Hank, Fitz, and the Secretary Ruth.

What happened as to Cleveland right after the Big Book was first published.

What did Cleveland use as a program then

What success did Cleveland have.

What happened to the Oxford Group and A.A. in New York

What happened to the Oxford Group and A.A. in Akron

How did the Cleveland program resemble that of Akron, and how did it differ

What were the features of the Cleveland program

What happened to Bill during the 1940’s and early 1950’s

What happened to Anne Smith

What happened to Dr. Bob

What churches did the Smiths belong to during their married life in Akron

Where did they take their children on Sundays

What were the new factors that entered the A.A. scene during Bill’s long long sickness

What was the character of A.A. once Bill emerged from his sickness

What A.A. books did Bill write at that time.

What are the Conference-approved pieces of literature that contain the A.A. details.

Where else can they be found

What were the actions Dick B. took when he heard that A.A. had come from the Bible

What A.A. conference-approved book did he read.

Where did he go for further enlightenment in 1990

What book by Bill Pittman did Dick read

What did Dick learn from Dr. Bob’s daughter on his first trip to Akron about Dr. Bob’s books

What did Dick learn from her about her mother’s journal

What did Dick learn from Congressman John Seiberling and his two sisters about their mother’s study of the Bible, beliefs about Jesus Christ, familiarity with Oxford Group ideas.

What did Dick do to learn what the Oxford Group ideas were that influenced A.A.

How did Dick gather the Oxford Group information in order to write The Oxford Group & Alcoholics Anonymous.

What books did he read; who did he interview; with what Oxford Group leaders did Dick discuss the Oxford Group ideas he had found; and how did those leaders react.

Where and how did Dick learn of the special influence that Rev. Samuel M. Shoemaker had on Bill’s “new version” of the program, his manuscript, and the proposed language of the Steps.

What did Dick incorporate in New Light on Alcoholism to tell of the friendship, writings, teachings, actions, and support that Shoemaker gave to Bill in the founding of A.A.

When and where did that information come to light.

What did Dick learn from a friend named Dennis that Anne had done with the journal each day.

What did Dick learn about the early program – and where did he find it.

What did Dick learn about the practices of the early Akron AAs – and where did he find it.

What was the special importance to Bill of conversion to God and coming to Him through Jesus Christ.

What were the facts that persuaded Bill of this importance

How did that facet of the early program come to be handled by the early Akron AA pioneers

What did Dick learn about A First Century Christian Fellowship (later known as the Oxford Group) when he had completed his research on the Oxford Group and Rev. Samuel M. Shoemaker


About mauihistorian

Uses pen name Dick B.: Writer, Historian, Retired attorney, Bible student, CDAAC, and active and recovered A.A. member with over 25 years of continuous sobriety. Published 42 titles and over 650 articles on the history of Alcoholics Anonymous and the Christian Recovery Movement. www.dickb.com
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